Konsepsi Perlindungan Hukum Terhadap Anak Yang Menjadi Pelaku Dan Korban Kekerasan Seksual Dalam Sistem Peradilan Pidana Anak

Abdul Kadir

= https://doi.org/10.26753/jlr.v2i1.1037
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Abstract


The high rate of sexual violence experienced by children in Indonesia is increasing which has become a special concern for both the Central and Regional Governments and the participation of the community. This study aims to analyze the conception of legal protection for children in the Draft Criminal Code (RKUHP) regarding the criminal responsibility of children in the Child Criminal Justice System (SPPA) in Indonesia, where the perpetrators and victims are children. 1. What is the concept of the legal regulation of the RKUHP as a form of protection for children whose perpetrators and victims of sexual violence are children. 2. What are the legal remedies for perpetrators and victims of sexual violence in juvenile criminal justice. The results of the study can be concluded that, the RKUHP is a comprehensive criminal law reform by following the conditions and developments that live in society, imprisonment as far as possible is not imposed if it is found that the defendant is a child and children under the age of 14 (fourteen) years cannot be sentenced. criminal acts and can only be subject to action, on the one hand, the perpetrator remains accountable to the victim. SPPA prioritizes settlement with a restorative justice approach based on the Decree of the Director General of the General Court of Justice Number 1691/DJU/SK/P.00/12/2020 concerning Guidelines for the Implementation of Restorative Justice in the General Courts. In addition, Diversion can also be applied, which is the transfer of the settlement of children's cases from the criminal justice process to processes outside of criminal justice. In the event that Diversion is unsuccessful or does not meet the requirements, the judge seeks a decision with a restorative justice approach as regulated by Law Number 11 of 2012 concerning SPPA, the judge proactively encourages related parties to seek peace while still prioritizing the principle of the best interests of the child and the sentencing process is the last resort while not ignoring the rights of the child.

Keywords


Restorative Justice, Juvenile Justice, Child Protection

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References


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Undang-Undang

Undang-Undang Dasar 1945

Kitab Undang-Undang Hukum Pidana

Undang-Undan Nomor 1 Tahun 2023 Tentang Kitab Undang-Undang Hukum Pidana

Undang-Undang Nomor 11 Tahun 2011 Tentang Sistem Peradilan Pidana Anak

Undang-Undang Nomor Nomor 23 Tahun 2002 Tentang Perlindungan Anak

Undang-Undang Nomor 35 Tahun 2014 Tentang Perubahan Atas Undang-Undang Nomor 23 Tahun 2002 Tentang Perlindungan Anak

Undang-Undang Nomor 17 Tahun 2016 Tentang Penetapan Peraturan Pemerintah Pengganti Undang-Undang Nomor 1 Tahun 2016 Tentang Perubahan Kedua Atas Undang-Undang Nomor 23 Tahun 2002 Tentang Perlindungan Anak Menjadi Undang-Undang


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