IMPEACHMENT SEBAGAI BENTUK PERTANGGUNGJAWABAN PRESIDEN INDONESIA DALAM NEGARA HUKUM YANG DEMOKRATIS

Adam Setiawan, Nehru Asyikin, Fatma Hidayati, Isnawati Isnawati

= https://doi.org/10.26753/jlr.v2i2.1161
Abstract views = 60 times | views = 0 times views = 1 times views = 9 times

Abstract


Based on the history of Indonesian state administration, there are two cases of impeachment that have occurred against active Presidents, namely President Soekarno and President Abdurrahman Wahid. However, it needs to be understood that the impeachment process is not as easy as the previous experience because it has been rigidly regulated in the 1945 Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia. The purpose of this research is to comprehensively explore the impeachment process as a form of Presidential accountability in a democratic state of law. This research is a doctrinal research, using a legislative approach and a conceptual approach. The results showed that impeachment as the President's responsibility contains two patterns, namely political and legal mechanisms. The political mechanism is when the President is demanded accountability by the DPR which is then submitted to the MPR, (a joint session between DPR and DPD) then the Constitutional Court examines, hears and decides. as for the involvement of the Constitutional Court as a form of legal mechanism. Political and legal mechanisms in the impeachment process involving the role of DPR, MPR (filled with members of DPR and DPD), and the Constitutional Court is a manifestation of the principle of checks and balances. The final result of the institution that decides the impeachment of the President and / or Vice President if proven guilty is the MPR, as a form of accountability to the people through its representatives in the MPR which contains representation of the people (DPR) and representation of groups in the region (DPD) by not also leaving the principle of the rule of law as reflected in the role of the Constitutional Court in examining, adjudicating, and deciding.


Keywords


Accountability, President, Impeachment.

Full Text:

XML XML PDF

References


Ackerman, Susan Rose-. et.al, Comparative Administrative Law, Northhampton: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2017.

Adams, Maurice et.al, (Ed), Constitutionalism and the Rule of Law: Bridging Idealism and Realism, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2017.

Asshiddiqie, Jimly. Konstitusi dan Konstitusionalisme Indonesia, Jakarta Timur: Sinar Grafika, 2014.

Asshiddiqie, Jimly. Hukum Tata Negara dan Pilar-Pilar Demokrasi, Jakarta: Konstitusi Press, 2005.

Admadja, Dewa Gede I.et. al. Teori Konstitusi dan Konsep Negara Hukum, Malang: Setara Press, 2015.

Bastian, Rdis. Buku Pintar Terlengkap Sistem-Sistem Pemerintahan Sedunia, Yogyakarta: IRCiSoD, 2015.

Budiardjo, Miriam. Dasar-dasar Ilmu Politik, Jakarta: Gramedia, 1982.

Black, Henry Campbell. Black’s Law Dictionary, Fifth Edition, USA, ST. Paul Minn. West Publishing Co., 1979.

HR, Ridwan. Hukum Adminsitrasi Negara Edisi Revisi, Jakarta: PT Raja Grafindo Persada, 2017.

Hague, Rod et.al. Comparative Government and Politics, London: Red Globe Press, 2019.

Huda, Ni’matul. Hukum Tata Negara Indonesia Edisi Revisi, Jakarta: PT RajaGrafindo Persada, 2014.

Huda, Ni’matul. Perkembangan Hukum Tata Negara Perdebatan dan Gagasan Penyempurnaan, Yogyakarta: FH UII Press, 2014

Hakim, Abdul Aziz. Negara Hukum dan Demokrasi Di Indonesia, Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar, 2015.

Hadjon, Philipus M. Hukum Administrasi dan Tindak Pidana Korupsi, Gadjah Mada University Press, Yogyakarta, 2011.

Isra, Saldi. Sistem Pemerintahan Indonesia Pergulatan Ketatanegaraan Menuju Sistem Pemerintahan Presidensial, Jakarta: Rajawali Pers, 2019.

Manan, Bagir (Ed). Kedaulatan Rakyat, Hak Asasi Manusia dan Negara Hukum, Kumpulan Esai Guna Menghormati Sri Soemantri Martosoewignjo, Jakarta: Gaya MediaPratama Jakarta, 1996.

Marbun, S.F. Peradilan Administrasi Negara dan Upaya Administratif di Indonesia, Yogyakarta: FH UII Press, 2015.

Mustafa, Bahsan. Sistem Hukum Administrasi Negara Indonesia, Bandung: Citra Adiyta Bhakti, 2001.

Poerwadarminta, Wjs. Kamus Umum Bahasa Indonesia, Jakarta, 1976.

Setiawan, Dian Bakti. Pemberhentian Kepala Daerah, Mekanisme Pemberhentiannya Menurut Sistem Pemerintahan Di Indonesia, Jakarta: Rajawali Pers, 2011.

Siahaan, Muaruarar. Hukum Acara Mahkamah Konstitusi Republik Indonesia, Jakarta Pusat: Konstitusi Press, 2005.

Strong, C.F. Konstitusi-Konstitusi Politik Moderm Kajian Tentang Sejarah & Bentuk-Bentuk Konstitusi Dunia, Bandung: Nuansa & Nusa Media, 2004.

Jurnal/ Makalah/Disertasi

Buyung Nasution, Adnan. Konstitusi, Demokrasi dan Makna Kemerdekaan, Orasi Ilmiah dalam Rangka Hari Ulang Tahun ke-35 Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia, Jakarta, 22 Agustus 2002.

Fahmi, Sudi. Konsistensi Pengaturan Penyerahan Kewenangan Antara Pemerintah Pusat Dan Daerah Dalam Pemberian Izin Pemanfaatan Hasil Hutan (Studi Desentralisasi Bidang Kehutanan Di Propinsi Riau), Program Doktor Ilmu Hukum Program Pascasarjana Fakultas Hukum Universitas Islam Indonesia Yogyakarta, 2006.

Muntoha. “Demokrasi dan Negara Hukum”, Jurnal Hukum, Vol. 16 No. 3 Juli 2009

Guillermo O’Donnell, “Why the Rule of Law Matters”, Journal of Democracy Vol. 15, No. 4, 2004.

Wiyanto, Andy. “Pertanggungjawaban Presiden dan Mahkamah Konstitusi”, Jurnal Konstitusi, Vol. 7, No. 3, Juni 2010.

Fatkhurohman dan Sjuhad, Miftachus, “Memahami Pemberhentian Presiden (Impeachment) di Indonesia (Studi Perbandingan Pemberhentian Presiden Soekarno dan Presiden Abdurrahman Wahid)” Jurnal Konstitusi Vol. 3 No. 1, 2010.

Hamdan Zoelva “Prospek Negara Hukum Indonesia: Gagasan dan Realita”, Hasanuddin Law Review, Vol. 1 No. 22, 2015.

Artikel Media dan Koran

Asyikin, Nehru. Kekuasaan MPR dan Urgensi DPD, https://news.detik.com/kolom/d-4661959/kekuasaan-mpr-dan-urgensi-dpd, 22 Agustus 2018

Asyikin, Nehru. “Negara yang Mensejahterakan”, Harian Analisa, 12 April 2019.

Setiawan, Adam. “Hukum Kita Mau Dibawa Kemana”, Koran Sindo, 11 Februari 2019.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2023 Adam Setiawan, Nehru Asyikin, Fatma Hidayati, Isnawati Isnawati

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

View My Stats

Jatijajar Law Review

This journal (p-ISSN:2829-1069; e-ISSN:2828-9161) is licensed under

a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

Creative Commons License

Universitas Muhammadiyah Gombong

Address: Jl. Yos Sudarso No.461 Gombong, Kabupaten Kebumen, Jawa Tengah 54412

email: jlr@unimugo.ac.id