THE PREVALENCE AND CAUSES OF MALARIA IN CHILDREN

ivana Chandra Dewi, Wulan Rahmadhani, Sarwono Sarwono

= https://doi.org/10.26753/jsrhs.v2i2.1138
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Abstract


Background: Malaria is an acute or chronic disease caused by protozoa of the genus Plasmodium with manifestations of fever, anemia, and enlarged spleen. The global incidence of malaria reached 228 million in 2019 with an estimated number of deaths reaching 405,000. Global mitigation of the problem of malaria has been agreed upon at the World Health Assembly 60 (WHA60) conference on 18 May 209 to eliminate malaria. These regulations are contained in the Global Malaria Program by the World Health Organization (WHO), namely eliminating malaria that still exists in every country. Method: This study used the literature review method by searching for articles related to the prevalence and causes of malaria in children. The database used Google Scholar and Crossref. The search was carried out using some keywords such as prevalence, and causes of malaria in children. Results: Based on the reviewed articles, the prevalence and causes of malaria in children covered plasmodium parasites, plasmodium species, and plasmodium vivax. A total of 4 articles are related to plasmodium parasites, 2 articles related to plasmodium species, and 1 article related to plasmodium vivax. Conclusion: Of all the articles reviewed, the most specific cause related to the prevalence and causes of malaria in children is the plasmodium parasite, plasmodium species, and plasmodium vivax caused by the bite of the Aedes aegypti mosquitos.


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